Wednesday, June 27, 2012

Skin Conditions: What are They?

Hey Guys!

Today's post is going to be all about skin conditions. What they are, how to treat some of them.

Blackheads - blackheads occur when the pores get clogged and the pore is still open so the surface of
the clog oxidizes and turns black.

The best way to get rid of a blackhead is with pore strips. You can also find DIY versions on the HERE). Michelle Phan on YouTube has a great DIY for pore strips. Also, tea tree products work very well. There is a blackhead eliminating scrub that you can buy from The Body Shop that works WONDERS. Exfoliation is also key in eliminating blackheads.
internet (see my post on DIY pore strips, which I got from Steven and Chris

Whiteheads - they are basically the same thing as blackheads, except the top of the pore has closed over and the sebum has not oxidized. These can not be extracted until the skin on top breaks. Exfoliation is the key element with whiteheads (again, tea tree products work well), then you can proceed to use the same method as with blackheads.

Papule - a papule is a small red bump on the skin that does not have a head on it because it does not
contain pus. If they get worse, they CAN become papules (see below).

Papules happen for many reasons, mostly because of bacteria in the skin. Therefore, the more you touch it and pick at it, the more it can spread. Make sure you wash your hands before you wash your face. Make sure you keep your regular cleansing schedule to make sure your skin doesn't over-produce sebum. Also, wash your hands after you finish washing your face and exfoliate often. Do not try to "pop" a papule, you will only irritate it.

Pustule - pustules are small inflamed elevations that are filled with bacterial fluid and pus - more commonly known as "pimples". They appear red and cloudy or white.

These are tough little buggers to get rid of. Again, you have to be really careful to not spread the bacteria. You can see an esthetician and they can perform extractions. At home you can cleanse with an antibacterial cleanser and use an oil-free moisturizer if you have oily skin. You can also spot-treat with with benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, or glycolic acid. Do not try to "pop".

 Milia - milia are pearly, white, enclosed cysts that appear on top of the skin. They are hard to the touch. They can occur with excessive exfoliation, dermabrasion or other healing from damaged skin.
They can also occur when you use a facial cream or night cream around your eyes that is too rich.

With milia you have to be patient. You can gently exfoliate a couple times a week and they may slowly go away, but you may also need to have an esthetician use a lancet to remove them. If you only have one, be patient, if you have several see either an esthetician or a dermatologist. DO NOT TRY TO POP THEM!

Cystic Acne - also known as nodular cystic acne. You can tell you have cystic acne because there will be inflamed, hard lesions beneath the skin where the hair follicle becomes plugged with dead skin cells.

This type of acne should be seen as soon as possible by a dermatologist (at the very least a doctor), estheticians are not allowed to work on this type of acne.

Dehydration - dehydration is a lack of water in the skin. There is a big difference between dehydration and dry skin. Dry skin means there is a lack of sebum. Each has to be treated differently.
and dryness. When the skin is

To re-hydrate your skin, the main treatment is water. If there is a lack of hydration, chances are it's because you're not drinking enough water. If you are drinking lots of water, make sure you're using the proper moisturizer.

Irritation - irritation occurs due to sensitivity to a product or to environmental factors. It takes the form of red, itchy or burning skin.

To treat irritation you need to use calming products, and avoid any products that may have perfumes, or allergens that my irritate your skin.

Rosacea - rosacea is a chronic skin disorder that requires you to use calming products. This skin
condition is quite common and looks as though you're blushing almost all the time. It can calm down and flare up.

You can also make an appointment at a medical spa and inquire about what type of facial machines will help you particularly.

I hope this post helped you figure out how to treat some of your skin conditions, and maybe even helped you figure out what they are. Please feel free to post a question and I will try to answer to the best of my abilities. These are only a few of the many skin conditions out there.

Have a good day everyone!!
xoxo - C